Fully balanced, that's what a climber is at the moment he or she is climbing to the top. 
Looking for the ultimate freedom and fight with the gravity and nature.
This is not without risk and therefore it is a must to use good equipment that is used in a right matter.
The diversity of the available materials is huge and they often can be used in several situations.
So look at the various materials with their specific explanation and think before buying/ using them.


The amount and choice of materials you need depend on the area and the type of route you want to climb.

If you do not know the area, it is wise to use a guide that does.

Always make sure you can navigate in the area, take maps or GPS navigation with you.

Most climbing areas are (off course) in the mountains and most of the time at least one or more hours away from a doctor.

In all cases it is recommended that you take an emergency kit with you. This kit consists of a backpack with the following:

  • 1 liter (minimum) of water

  • Something to eat

  • Waterproof jacket

  • First aid kit (waterproof packaging)

  • Pocket knife

  • (Head) lamp/ torch

To prevent accidents and the use of the emergency kit as much as possible, you must be able to trust on your materials. It is therefore very important that you keep your materials in good state so maintain and check it well.

After every fall your material weakens.

When purchasing new materials, it is often indicated how many times you can fall with it before damaging the gear too much. After each fall you need to check for damage.

It is your own responsibility to keep track of what happened to your equipment and to refresh the materials before things go wrong.


There are several types of shoes for beginners and advanced. One thing they have in common and that is that the sole of the toes to the heel in one piece. This ensures that the pressure is evenly distributed and better pressure on the toes can hold. It is therefore important that you use the right shoe. It is also not recommended unless the shoes are in good condition and the rubber is worn. All shoes come with special friction grip rubber that you have. For the beginner, there are shoes with a harder rubber sole with thicker. This gives you more support and build muscle quickly on. For the advanced, there are shoes with a softer rubber which gives you more feel and a higher degree of grip.

There are two types of climbing shoes, straight and asymmetrical, this refers to the sole of the shoe. For straight shoes you firmly on small stone edges and asymmetrical shoe is designed for more friction.

There is also the choice of:

  • Ankle-high boots, these give you extra support but will be less flexible. In game or coarse area give it extra protection.

  • Standard climbing shoe, these are more flexible and give you so much freedom. With these shoes have more grip on the smaller edges and you can build more friction relative to the ankle high shoes. The standard shoe is available with laces or Velcro (these are easy to get on and off)

  • Slippers, these are very flexible so that beginners are not recommended. The advantage of this shoe is that they are very easy to pull on and off in between.

The choice of the size shoe you buy. It is important that you have good grip when climbing but they should not pinch your foot. Keep in mind when trying that during exercise the feet can swell by heat causing the shoe tighter gets stuck. Too big shoes can cause injuries because they can shift to the foot. For most specialty stores, there is the possibility of the shoes to try on a small climbing wall.

Climbing shoes worn? Look before you throw them away or you can let them have re-heeled. This often saves a lot of money instead of buying new shoes. They may be slightly different feel while climbing in respect of it.


The first climbing harness was no more than a band to your hip. But since this is a choking risk entailed is ultimately a lap belt developed as we know it today. The first prototype was made by the British Thurs Willans and its design is the American Forest Design continued until the result is still in daily use.

There are various types of harnesses that you can split into three different categories. Sport, Alpine and industrial. When not in use you should consider possibly thicker clothes and different temperatures. That is the reason for you to choose a harness with adjustable leg loops ones. In case you loose leg loops can even make it possible for a sanitary stop it. At the moment you go alpine climbing hold this often means that more material is taken in relation to the length and to make certain points, look at the number of gear loops.

To safely climb to the belt are correctly closed. To make sure that you have the belt on the right way up you look at the instructions supplied with the belt will supplied by the manufacturer. Before you get started with your sports activities it is wise to each other to make sure everything is properly sealed.


There are two types of ropes. Dynamic and static ropes. The difference is that the elastic is making him the powers of a trap can absorb. A static rope is no elasticity in abseiling and can be used to make.

Ropes are composed of a core and a sheath. The core determines the character of the rope and the jacket provides protection. The mater makes sure that the rope between 10 to 25% stronger. Each rope is tested beforehand that he can tolerate certain forces and a so-called drop test.

In addition, there are several available with thicknesses of these ropes for various purpose. For single ropes climbing ropes are usually from 9.5 to 11 mm thick with the thinner versions are commonly used in indoor climbing or top-rope. The thicker versions with names for traditional climbing. Ropes less than 8 mm are often used for abseiling or double rope climbing. Climbing with a double rope is used when climbing in complex routes or a risk that by sharp rocks can damage the rope. You spread this risk. A double rope is generally used in the Alpine countries.

It is wise to use your rope carefully check for damage. At the moment it is found that there is damage, it is wise to it by the rope to cut in order to avoid that it is still being used. At the moment that the rope is very fluffy, it means a fact that the light rope is damaged. When the rope as smooth and hard, this indicates the rope dart light is burning. When these symptoms you should carefully check your rope for use. At the moment that the core becomes visible it can still be used, but in case of doubt or no risk to take the instructions of the manufacturer. If your rope has been in contact with sand, mud or sea water should you wash your rope. Then let dry, place it in the sun and or near a heat source.


A key component to safely climb are called the Carabiners. Carabiners and snappers (without screw lock karabiner) are used to ensure material to pair with your harnas or to a set form which you can pick up your rope during (pre) climb. A carabiner is creating the minimum to 22 kN (2243.38 kg) to be taxed in the longitudinal direction. So there you have a car lift.

  Belay & abseil devices

A belay causes a fall of a climber rope is blocked. There are different types of devices, each with certain specific properties. There are devices which can give you easy rope and devices used by the many friction fall of a climber easier to absorb by the definitely weird. It is therefore wise to control different devices with different climbers make the right choice of equipment can certainly make.

There are several types of secure devices. An ATC (a variant of the original flat founds) can be used for securing, but also for an abseiling. Note here that are in the small surface ATC very hot.

For an abseil you should use a abseil eight. Dee is also specially developed. The abseil eight is also widely used in toprope secure with a single rope.

Besides the ATC and the eight there is automatic that blocks like a seatbelt. This is the Grigri. By his own lock is in a fall the rope blocked by the shock. This yields a heavier load on the body of the climber. It is very important that certainly knows how weird the grigri should be used because this crucial repercussions in the case of a fall. When used properly, this is definitely an ideal device for the sport climbing.

When climbing in nature there is a risk that plastering rocks or stones can fall down, for both the climber as the securing person it wise to wear a helmet. A helmet also provides an extra protection during a fall.


Since the weight of the helmet has gone down considerably in the recent years by use of new materials and techniques its comfort increased significantly.

When selecting a helmet, it is important that the helmet is not too loose and will stay on your head by itself. Therefore you should check and try some different models and brands so you get the right helmet for your head.

When you are in possession of a helmet it is advisable to use the helmet properly and inspect it regurlarly for cracks or damage. Especially after an incident, it is important that the helmet is checked whether it is still intact.

You should always know what happened with your climbing gear. If in doubt, seek expertise of someone who can indicate whether your equipment is still safe or not.

If you prefer to take off your helmet from your head (because it itches or it is very warm) you'll have to estimate the potential risks (better a warm and irritating helmet on your head then a piece of rock).